Dual-system theories postulate that actions are supported either by a goal-directed or by a habit-driven response system. Neuroimaging and anatomo-functional studies have provided evidence that the prefrontal cortex plays a fundamental role in the first type of action control, while internal brain areas such as the basal ganglia are more active during habitual and overtrained responses. Additionally, it has been shown that areas of the cortex and the basal ganglia are connected through multiple parallel "channels", which are thought to function as an action selection mechanism resolving competitions between alternative options available in a given context.
A spiking neuron model of the cortico-basal ganglia circuits for goal-directed and habitual action learning
Pergamon,, New York , Stati Uniti d'America
Neural networks 41 (2013): 212–224. doi:10.1016/j.neunet.2012.11.009
info:cnr-pdr/source/autori:Chersi, Fabian; Mirolli, Marco; Pezzulo, Giovanni; Baldassarre, Gianluca/titolo:A spiking neuron model of the cortico-basal ganglia circuits for goal-directed and habitual action learning/doi:10.1016/j.neunet.2012.11.009/rivista