Scaled subprofile modeling and convolutional neural networks for the identification of Parkinson's disease in 3D nuclear imaging data

Over the last years convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have shown remarkable results in different image classification tasks, including medical imaging. One area that has been less explored with CNNs is Positron Emission Tomography (PET). FDG-PET is a PET technique employed to obtain a representation of brain metabolic function. In this study we employed 3D CNNs in fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET)brain images with the purpose of discriminating patients diagnosed with Parkinson's disease (PD) from controls. We employed Scaled Subprofile Modeling using Principal Component Analysis as a preprocessing step to focus on specific brain regions and limit the number of voxels that are used as input for the CNNs, thereby increasing the signal-to-noise ratio in our data. We performed hyper-parameter optimization on three CNN architectures to estimate the classification accuracy of the networks on new data. The best performance that we obtained was accuracy=0.86, and area under the receiver operating characteristiccurve (AUC)= 0.94 on the test set. We believe that, with larger datasets, PD patients could be reliably distinguished from controls by FDG-PET scans alone and that this technique could be applied to more clinically challenging tasks, like the differential diagnosis of neurological disorders with similar symptoms, such as PD, Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (PSP) and Multiple System Atrophy (MSA).

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Martinez- Manzanera O
Meles SK
Leenders KL
Renken RJ
Pagani M
Arnaldi D
Nobili F
Obeso J
Rodriguez Oroz M
Morbelli S
Maurits NM
World Scientific., Singapore, Singapore
International journal of neural systems (2019).
info:cnr-pdr/source/autori:Martinez- Manzanera O, Meles SK, Leenders KL, Renken RJ, Pagani M, Arnaldi D, Nobili F, Obeso J, Rodriguez Oroz M, Morbelli S, Maurits NM/titolo:Scaled subprofile modeling and convolutional neural networks for the identification
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