Abductive Reasoning, Interpretation and Collaborative Processes

In this paper we want to examine how the mutual understanding of speakers is reached during a conversation through collaborative processes, and what role is played by abductive inference (in the Peircean sense) in these processes. We do this by bringing together contributions coming from a variety of disciplines, such as logic, philosophy of language and psychology. When speakers are engaged in a conversation, they refer to a supposed com- mon ground: every participant ascribes to the others some knowledge, belief, opinion etc. on which to rely in order to reach mutual understanding. As the conversation unfolds, this common ground is continually corrected and reshaped by the interchanges. An abductive reasoning takes place, in a collaborative setting, in order to build new possible theories about the common ground. In reconstructing this process through the use of a working example, we argue that the integration of a collaborative perspective within the Peircean theory of abduction can help to solve some of the drawbacks that the critics of the latter have outlined, for example its permissivity and non generativity.

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Claudia Arrighi
Roberta Ferrario
Kluwer Academic Publishers., London;, Paesi Bassi
Foundations of science (Print) 13 (2008): 75–87. doi:10.1007/s10699-007-9117-4
info:cnr-pdr/source/autori:Claudia Arrighi; Roberta Ferrario/titolo:Abductive Reasoning, Interpretation and Collaborative Processes/doi:10.1007/s10699-007-9117-4/rivista:Foundations of science (Print)/anno:2008/pagina_da:75/pagina_a:87/intervallo_pagine:7
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