We aimed to longitudinally examine how symbolic distancing affects preschool children's delay tolerance in a delay choice task. We presented children with choices between a smaller immediate reward and a larger delayed reward in conditions with either symbolic stimuli or edible rewards. Overall, symbolic distancing modulated children's delay tolerance. In particular, whereas in the first phase (T1: 3- and 4-year-olds) children presented with edible rewards chose the larger option more often than children presented with symbolic stimuli, in the second phase (T2: 5- and 6-year-olds), there was no significant difference between children presented with symbolic stimuli and those presented with edible rewards. These results are discussed by examining how children's delay tolerance changes during the development and comparing children to adult humans in a similar task.
The Effect of Symbolic Distancing on Delay Tolerance across the Preschool Period
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates,, Mahwah, NJ , Stati Uniti d'America
Journal of cognition and development 21 (2020): 92–103. doi:10.1080/15248372.2019.1693374
info:cnr-pdr/source/autori:Pecora G.; Bellagamba F.; Chiarotti F.; Paoletti M.; Castano M.L.; Addessi E./titolo:The Effect of Symbolic Distancing on Delay Tolerance across the Preschool Period/doi:10.1080/15248372.2019.1693374/rivista:Journal of cognition