Cooperation is central to the success of human societies as it is crucial for overcoming some of the most pressing social challenges of our time; still, how human cooperation is achieved and may persist is a main puzzle in the social and biological sciences. Recently, scholars have recognized the importance of social norms as solutions to major local and large-scale collective action problems, from the management of water resources to the reduction of smoking in public places to the change in fertility practices. Yet a well-founded model of the effect of social norms on human cooperation is still lacking. Using statistical-physics techniques and integrating findings from cognitive and behavioral sciences, we present an analytically tractable model in which individuals base their decisions to cooperate both on the economic rewards they obtain and on the degree to which their action complies with social norms. Results from this parsimonious model are in agreement with observations in recent large-scale experiments with humans. We also find the phase diagram of the model and show that the experimental human group is poised near a critical point, a regime where recent work suggests living systems respond to changing external conditions in an efficient and coordinated manner.
Balancing selfishness and norm conformity can explain human behavior in large-scale prisoner's dilemma games and can poise human groups near criticality
American Physical Society, Ridge, NY, Stati Uniti d'America
Physical review. E (Print) 97 (2018). doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.97.042321
info:cnr-pdr/source/autori:Realpe-Gomez, John; Andrighetto, Giulia; Nardin, Luis Gustavo; Antonio Montoya, Javier/titolo:Balancing selfishness and norm conformity can explain human behavior in large-scale prisoner's dilemma games and can poise human group